Menopause is a normal, natural event in a woman’s life. The term menopause designates the date of the last menstruation of the woman and is due to the fact that the ovaries diminish the production of sexual hormones, especially estrogen, which is the main female hormone.

A woman reaches menopause when she does not have a menstrual period for a year. Changes and symptoms may begin several years earlier. These include:

  • Change in menses: More or less lasting, more or less profuse, with more or less time between periods
  • Heat and / or night sweats, called heat waves or hot flushes
  • Difficulty to sleep
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Humor changes
  • Difficulty concentrating, certain memory losses
  • Less hair and more facial hair
  • Changes in weight with a tendency to gain weight and accumulate abdominal fat

Some symptoms require treatment and improve considerably with proper management. Talk to your doctor about what to do during menopause or female climacteric syndrome, which is what this period of a woman’s life should be called.

Make sure your doctor knows your family’s medical history. This includes your risk of heart disease, osteoporosis or breast cancer.


The most characteristic symptoms are the appearance of hot flushes, typically referred to as a sensation of heat that arises in the chest and radiates to the neck and face and that can be accompanied by intense sweating. They usually last for a few minutes, although they can be longer and repeated several times a day and it improves with the administration of estrogens, sometimes androgens or an association of these replacement hormones since the ovaries stopped producing this type of hormones. are those that cause this type of discomfort.

Other symptoms that may be associated in the short term are vaginal dryness, burning in the genitals, frequency and urgency in urination, and a higher frequency of urinary tract infections. Also characteristic is the loss of skin elasticity and changes in texture, size and consistency of the breasts. Many women report episodes of anxiety, depression, irritability, memory loss and sleep disturbances.

A decrease in libido, that is, in sexual appetite, is also characteristic, which can be aggravated by the discomfort produced in the sexual relationship, due to the dryness of the vaginal mucosa that improves with the administration of creams or ovules that serve to lubricate and get less friction in the sexual relationship.



It is a stage in a woman’s life that is related to the symptoms or changes that the woman experiences before, during and after menopause. Menopause occurs in all women, however each will experience its climacteric in a different way. This will depend on many factors, including personality, the meaning that this new stage has for each one, the social role that women have in this stage in different cultures. It is a time of great changes, both from the physical and emotional and sociocultural points of view.


The main symptoms or signs in the short term are:

  • Irregular cycles.
  • Hot flashes sometimes accompanied by tachycardia and night sweats.
  • Sleep disorders.
  • Psychological disorders: irritability, anxiety, anguish, greater emotional lability.
  • Difficulty in concentration, memory and learning.

Subsequently, it is presented:

  • Vaginal dryness and pain during sexual intercourse.
  • Decrease in sexual desire
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Frequent Urinary Infections.
  • Aging and / or dryness of the skin.

Long-term symptoms:

  • Osteoporosis.
  • Cardiovascular diseases.
  • Weight gain and body fat.