Polycystic ovary syndrome occurs when the ovaries or the female adrenal glands produce more male hormones than normal. This causes the growth of cysts (cavities filled with fluid) in the ovaries due to lack of regular ovulation, since the normal process of maturation of the follicles that are trapped inside the ovary is not completed.
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome are also at higher risk of developing diabetes, metabolic syndrome, heart disease and high blood pressure.
The treatment is long-term, but diet, exercise, and medicines can help control symptoms. Birth control pills help women regulate the period, reduce male hormone levels and eliminate acne. Treatments for infertility due to polycystic ovarian syndrome may include medicines, surgery or in vitro fertilization. They are usually accompanied by high levels of stress and increase in the values of the hormone produced by the pituitary gland called prolactin or PRL, which, when corrected, improves menstrual periods, which become more regular.
Evaluation and treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome
This problem can be diagnosed and given the appropriate treatment according to the needs of each patient. This type of pathology is very common in many women. It is known by the acronym SOP and occurs when there are imbalances in the balance of female hormones and even insulin and with clinical manifestations such as excessive hair growth, oily skin, acne, menstrual cycle alterations and even infertility.
Another treatment is to perform a laparoscopy and perform what is known as an ovarian driling, which consists of the destruction by fulguration of the microcysts, achieving in some cases the remission of the symptoms.